After the prosecution makes its rebuttal. The judge will convey a set of instructions to the jury. Following this, the prosecution will make it's closing argument. In the closing argument the prosecution will re-present all of the evidence to the jury. They will try to prove why the defendant is guilty of the charges he or her are charged with. The defense than gets a chance show the the court why the defendant is not guilty. The defense will do exactly hat the prosecution did, but is rather trying to prove innocence than guilt.
When the defense rests, the prosecution can follow with a rebuttal. Again getting another chance to poke holes through the defense's case. As the trial nears an end, the judge will give a final set of instructions to the jury before they deliberate. When the judge is finished, the jury will leave the courtroom in order to debate on the defendant's verdict. For a felony case, all the jurors have to agree on a verdict. However in some states, for lesser crimes, the vote may be a unanimous 10-2 or 9-3 decision.
When the jury give its verdict, if guilty, the defense usually has post-trial motions. The post-trial motions consist of the defense asking the judge to acquit the defendant of the charges or to retry the case.
Next week i will go into details of the sentencing process. Thanks for stopping by!